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Botox may stunt emotional growth in young people: study
By Helen Andrews 18 Sep 2014
There is a growing trend for under-25s to seek Botox injections
Botox injections that induce temporary paralysis of muscles in the upper face – to reduce wrinkling when people frown – could stop young people seeking this treatment from learning how to express emotions fully, according to a study.

The research, which will be presented at the Clinical Cosmetic and Reconstructive Expo in October, was led by nurse practitioner Helen Collier, according to an article by the BBC. Collier blames reality TV shows and celebrity culture for driving young people to idealise the “inexpressive frozen faces.”

Clinicians writing in the Journal of Aesthetic Nursing say there is a growing trend for under-25s to seek botox injections.

The psychological theory called the facial feedback hypothesis – that suggests adolescents learn how best to relate to people by mimicking their facial expressions – is a well-established concept Collier uses to back up her research.

“As human beings, our ability to demonstrate a wide range of emotions is very dependent on facial expressions,” said Collier. “Emotions such as empathy and sympathy help us to survive and grow into confident and communicative adults. If you wipe those expressions out, this might stunt [young people’s] emotional and social development.”

Collier calls on therapists to do more to help boost young people’s confidence rather than producing more and more “frozen faces”. She also highlights that although many of the toxin’s effects are temporary, research suggests muscles don’t fully recover from the injections.

Dr Michael Lewis, a researcher in psychology at Cardiff University said: “The expressions we make on our face affect the emotions we feel. We smile because we are happy, but smiling also makes us happy. Treatment with drugs like botox prevents the patient from being able to make a particular expression and can therefore have an effect on our learning to feel emotions naturally.”

Rajiv Grover, president of the British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons said: “Injecting teenagers with botox for cosmetic purposes is morally wrong and something that no ethical practitioner would do. This can only exacerbate body image issues at a vulnerable time.”


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In August 2021, an authentic Middle Eastern retreat named Zoya Wellbeing & Health Resort Zoya at Al Zorah ​will open in Ajman, UAE, developed and operated by Premedion ; an international spa consultancy and management ... More
15 Apr 2021
Katie Towersey has been appointed as the new spa director for Rockliffe Hall, the five-star luxury golf and spa resort in Northern England’s County Durham countryside. Towersey has over 20 years of experience within the ... More
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Global art collective teamLab has combined art and sauna to offer an immersive exhibition in Roppongi, Tokyo, called teamLab & TikTok, teamLab Reconnect: Art with Rinkan Sauna Roppongi. Running until the end of August 2021, ... More
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NEWS
Botox may stunt emotional growth in young people: study
POSTED 18 Sep 2014 . BY Helen Andrews
Botox injections that induce temporary paralysis of muscles in the upper face – to reduce wrinkling when people frown – could stop young people seeking this treatment from learning how to express emotions fully, according to a study.

The research, which will be presented at the Clinical Cosmetic and Reconstructive Expo in October, was led by nurse practitioner Helen Collier, according to an article by the BBC. Collier blames reality TV shows and celebrity culture for driving young people to idealise the “inexpressive frozen faces.”

Clinicians writing in the Journal of Aesthetic Nursing say there is a growing trend for under-25s to seek botox injections.

The psychological theory called the facial feedback hypothesis – that suggests adolescents learn how best to relate to people by mimicking their facial expressions – is a well-established concept Collier uses to back up her research.

“As human beings, our ability to demonstrate a wide range of emotions is very dependent on facial expressions,” said Collier. “Emotions such as empathy and sympathy help us to survive and grow into confident and communicative adults. If you wipe those expressions out, this might stunt [young people’s] emotional and social development.”

Collier calls on therapists to do more to help boost young people’s confidence rather than producing more and more “frozen faces”. She also highlights that although many of the toxin’s effects are temporary, research suggests muscles don’t fully recover from the injections.

Dr Michael Lewis, a researcher in psychology at Cardiff University said: “The expressions we make on our face affect the emotions we feel. We smile because we are happy, but smiling also makes us happy. Treatment with drugs like botox prevents the patient from being able to make a particular expression and can therefore have an effect on our learning to feel emotions naturally.”

Rajiv Grover, president of the British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons said: “Injecting teenagers with botox for cosmetic purposes is morally wrong and something that no ethical practitioner would do. This can only exacerbate body image issues at a vulnerable time.”
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In August 2021, an authentic Middle Eastern retreat named Zoya Wellbeing & Health Resort Zoya at Al Zorah will open in Ajman, UAE, developed and operated by Premedion; an international spa consultancy and management company with expertise in wellbeing, fitness and health.
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Global art collective teamLab has combined art and sauna to offer an immersive exhibition in Roppongi, Tokyo, called teamLab & TikTok, teamLab Reconnect: Art with Rinkan Sauna Roppongi.
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US-based beauty and wellness training institute Bellus Academy is seeking to advance skincare and spa education by launching new CBD wellness training, with guidance from leading industry trainer and Bellus Academy’s director of spa and wellness education Joanne Berry.
Miraval promotes Anthony Duggan to group area vice president
GM of Miraval Austin, Anthony Duggan, has been appointed area vice president of Miraval Group and its three award-winning wellness resorts – Miraval Arizona, Miraval Austin and Miraval Berkshires.
Rural English retreat launches masterclass to reveal secrets and health benefits of fermentation
Relais & Chateaux's Summer Lodge Country House Hotel ​in Dorset, England, has launched an insightful masterclass to inspire guests about the benefits of fermentation.
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